The face of his mother, the body of his wife. The sculptor's that is. It's loaded with symbolism and coincided with a deterioration in relations between the United States and France.
Running to work I finally got around to listening to a superb BBC Podcast from the series In Our Time. The Statue of Liberty was the subject, and the round table discussion combined the historical context with philosophical notions of liberty.
I highly recommend it. Indeed, I recommend subscribing to the whole series. Exercise your mind as you run. Or kayak.